Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to compile "Made in China 2025" : sword refers to industrial power
It is reported that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is working out plans related to the 13th and 14th Five-Year Plans. With the different stages of China's industrial development, The State Council no longer adheres to the short-term plan of "once every five years" for the development of industry and information industry.
At the request of The State Council, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will weaken the "five-year" time limit in previous plans, extend the planning period to 2025, and focus more on medium - and long-term planning.
It is reported that the key word of the plan is related to "transformation into an industrial power", and will form the "Made in China 2025" focusing on top-level design, plus the "1+x" model of key industries, sectors and regional planning. In addition, the plan will learn from the German version of the Industry 4.0 plan, focusing on the areas that need to be strengthened in the country's industry, and strive to transform from an industrial power to an industrial power by 2025.
Pay attention to mid - and long-term top-level design
Unlike the overall idea of the 12th Five-Year plan, Made in China 2025, which was drafted with the help of members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, weakens the time limit of the five-year plan and directly considers industrial development policies for the next decade.
The plan, which covers the 13th and 14th Five-Year plans, is a medium - and long-term plan. After the Chinese Academy of Engineering drafts "Made in China 2025", the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will submit it to The State Council for approval, form the outline of the plan, and then implement it.
Originally in accordance with the practice, the previous industrial planning intended to only plan for five years, but The State Council leadership considering that five years is relatively short, the development of many industrial areas can not be clear within five years, so The State Council proposed to extend the industrial planning time to 2025, do ten years of planning.
According to the requirements of The State Council, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology "13th Five-Year" plan to do the top-level design. Before the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to do the "12th Five-Year" plan, the early stage is to do the industry planning, the later to do the industrial transformation and upgrading planning.
The 12th Five-Year Plan system of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology includes the overall plan of the Outline of the Plan for Industrial Transformation and Upgrading. This is the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology "12th Five-Year" planning system first. In addition, there are 16 industrial plans, 27 thematic plans and 3 regional plans.
But "Made in China 2025" first determines the top-level system design, and then forms relevant plans for key industries, sectors and regions. The person said that the stage of China's industrial development is currently in a deceleration period, so the top-level system design in the next decade will be closely focused on the "transformation from an industrial power to an industrial power".
An important concept put forward by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology during the 12th Five-Year Plan period is "transformation and upgrading". The key words for the 13th and even 14th Five-Year Plan are still being worked out, these people said, but they will be related to the transition to an industrial power and will be sketched out in broad strokes.
Learn from German Industry 4.0 plan
In addition to transformation and upgrading, a key focus of the Made in China 2025 initiative is the deep integration of industrialization and IT application. This is what the new Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, which was created after the 2008 ministerial reform, has been working on.
"In fact, the Made in China 2025 plan outline is the Industry 4.0 strategy." These people said that the concept of "Industry 4.0" was proposed and advocated by Germany. Chinese executives and scholars have mentioned the significance of German Industry 4.0 on various occasions, and German industry has always been a model for Chinese industry to follow.
Among them, the emphasis is on Germany's "Industry 4.0" strategy.
In May, Miao Wei, minister of industry and information Technology, said at the 2014 International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing that internetization of global manufacturing is becoming a big trend, such as Germany's Industry 4.0 plan.
The general concept of Germany's "Industry 4.0" was put forward at Hannover Messe in 2011. The German government launched the "High Technology Strategy 2020". As one of the ten future projects, the government will invest 200 million euros in industry 4.0, which aims to establish Germany's leading position in key technologies internationally. Strengthen Germany's core competitiveness as a technological and economic power.
Two years later in Hannover Messe, the German Industry 4.0 Working Group composed of "industry, government and academia" issued a report titled "Securing the Future of German Manufacturing: Suggestions for implementing the Strategy of" Industry 4.0 ", saying that the Internet of Things and manufacturing services announced the arrival of the fourth industrial revolution.
According to Germany's "Industry 4.0" plan, the main contents of future industrial production forms include: large-scale production of highly personalized products under the condition of highly flexible allocation of production factors, extensive participation of customers and business partners in business processes and value creation processes, integration of production and high-quality services, etc. The Internet of Things, the service network and the data network will replace the traditional closed manufacturing system and become the foundation of the industry of the future.
The German version of Industry 4.0 is of great significance to China. "China has always been a manufacturing power, but not a manufacturing power, or even a synonym for cheap and low-end." 'People know that Chinese industry is big but not strong, but it's not very clear exactly what is not strong,' the person said.
To this end, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology summed up four aspects of "not strong" : basic materials, basic parts, basic processes and industrial technology foundation is not strong. Around these four "foundations" to be strengthened, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will also release a medium - and long-term plan on "strong industrial foundation", which is in line with Made in China 2025, which aims to guide China towards becoming an industrial power.
keyword： Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to compile "Made in China 2025" : sword refers to industrial power