The sudden financial crisis brought heavy losses to the machinery manufacturing industry. In the national 4 trillion investment and economic revitalization plan for ten major industries, most of the funds went to state-owned enterprises. This has brought many crises to the development of the machinery industry, especially private small and medium-sized enterprises. At the same time, it also gave rise to the heavy lifting related to processing and manufacturing. The development of the machinery industry has added variables. The author learned from some overseas managers in Changyuan, Henan, the hometown of cranes, that after the Spring Festival, their orders have decreased compared with the same period in history. Some contracts signed last year were also due to the lack of funds or corporate benefits of the purchasers. Landslide, or shelved or terminated.
"Ensure employment and promote growth" are the two important "magic weapons" for overcoming the financial crisis this year, but the power of the "two guarantees" must be exerted on the premise that "guaranteeing enterprises" develop stably, especially private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises. Because private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises are the vital lifeblood of my country's national economy. They create 66% of the country's GDP, and they assume more than 70% of the total number of jobs in the society.
It can be said that at a time when the global economic crisis is still not bottoming, how to ensure that my country's small and medium-sized enterprises can smoothly survive the economic "cold winter" lies in two points: one is to break the financing ice; the other is to actively participate in the government's stimulus investment plan. As for how to raise funds, Wang Wenbiao, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, put forward practical proposals at the two sessions this year. He solemnly suggested increasing the support of national debt and local government debt to private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, and supporting the technological innovation and technological innovation of private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises. Staff training and industrial upgrading, etc.
It is reported that the total issuance of national and local policy government bonds will reach 500 billion yuan this year. If the country puts out a part of the national debt to fully support private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, it will not only break the financing bottleneck, promote structural adjustment, and upgrade the industrial grade, but also provide more jobs and relieve the country's worries.
However, although there has been consensus from the central and local governments on the need for rapid development of SMEs, including Premier Wen’s government report, which publicly promised that financing and government investment projects should favor SMEs, private and SMEs have expanded nationwide in this round. In the battle of domestic demand, equal national treatment has not been obtained.
Regardless of the new 5 trillion new loan financing regulations this year or the four trillion national expansionary economic stimulus plan, at least so far, most of this giant financing investment cake has been cut away by state-owned enterprises, even if the cream on the side of the cake, It is also difficult to taste for SMEs.
Let me start with the 5 trillion new loan target set by the Central Bank at the beginning of this year. For small and medium-sized enterprises and private enterprises, it is not at all optimistic. Statistics show that RMB loans increased by 1.62 trillion yuan in January and nearly 1 trillion yuan in February. At present, half of the 5 trillion yuan target has been achieved. According to the person in charge of the bank, more than 90% of the new loans realized in January of this year went to government projects awarded by state-owned enterprises.
As for the central government’s 4 trillion economic stimulus plan, most of these investment projects that cost hundreds of billions or even trillions of dollars have been divided up by state-owned enterprises, especially the trillions of direct government investment, which is even more state-owned. The enterprise operates within the body. For example, only one company, State Grid, cut off nearly a trillion yuan in fiscal cake. Just as some commentators believe that even if this super large state-owned enterprise even has small parts similar to the switch, it may not be allocated to private enterprises outside the system. Only those private enterprises that have a direct interest in it can be allocated a pitiful share. Orders.
From the above analysis, we can know that whether it is in the allocation of new national credit lines or in the national stimulus investment plan, it has almost become an exclusive feast for state-owned enterprises. Obviously, once this situation continues, it will not only affect the process of my country's economic recovery, but will also bring invisible pressure to the future employment situation, and will also bring heavy losses to China's lifting machinery industry. If the initial new loans did not extend a helping hand to SMEs, and if the initial 4 trillion investment plan was mainly dominated by state-owned enterprises, then the later new loans (there are still 2.4 trillion yuan) must be Private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises are inclined; if there is a larger-scale national investment plan in the later period, private enterprises must be involved; in addition, the government should also take the initiative in the proposal of Wang Wenbiao, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, to use national debt to finance private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises. Adopt and implement as soon as possible.
Investing in private enterprises and small and medium enterprises should make good use of government and private capital to actively respond to the current crisis. "
At the just-concluded two sessions, Premier Wen Jia's remarks at the press conference that they wanted to vigorously support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises provided a boost for the managers and managers of small and medium-sized enterprises. I believe that in the later economic plan of the country, small and medium-sized enterprises can get a satisfactory answer, and at the same time expect the crane industry to become stronger in this crisis.